Frederick Douglass Memorial (New York City)

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Dublin Core

Title

Frederick Douglass Memorial (New York City)

Subject

Subject (Topic)
Abolitionists--United States
Antislavery movements--United States
Public art
Public sculpture
New York--History
Northeastern United States
Slavery--New York (State)

Subject (Name)
Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895

Subject (Object Type)
Commemorative sculpture

Description

Standing to the right of a lectern, Gabriel Koren modeled Frederick Douglass is depicted as an elder statesman, with a furrowed brow and a deeply lined face. Resting his right hand atop the lectern, Douglass’ mouth is closed as he stares resolutely forward. Algernon Miller designed the granite seating and paving patterns, which are based on traditional African-American quilt motifs, as well as a bronze perimeter fence with a wagon wheel motif. Miller also created a bronze water wall that shows the Big Dipper constellation with the North Star. Quotations from Douglass embellish the site.

Creator

Koren, Gabriel, 1947-
Miller, Algernon, 1945-

Source

Photographs by Renée Ater

Date

Dedication: September 20, 2011

Contributor

NYC Percent for Art, NYC Department of Cultural Affairs; Mark Bunnell of Quenell Rothschild & Partners (landscape architects); and Polich-Tallix (foundry).

Rights

NYC Parks, The Arsenal, Central Park, 830 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York, 10065, United States

Format

JPEG

Language

English

Type

Visual Arts-Sculpture

Coverage

Central Park North and Frederick Douglass Boulevard, New York, New York, 10026, United States

Has Part

Inscription on granite block 1:
BORN FREDERICK AUGUSTUS BAILEY, 1818, TALBOT COUNTY, MARYLAND.

Inscripton on granite block 2:
MARRIED ANNA MURRAY IN 1838, WHO DIED IN 1882.

Inscription on granite block 3:
MARRIED HELEN PITTS IN 1884.

Inscription on granite block 4:
"WHATEVER MAY BE SAID AS TO A DIVISION OF DUTIES AND AVOCATIONS, THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN ARE ONE AND INSEPARABLE, AND STAND UPON THE SAME INDESTRUCTABLE BASIS." -1851

Inscription on granite block 5:
"THE FLIGHT WAS A BOLD AND PERILOUS ONE; BUT HERE I AM, IN THE GREAT CITY OF NEW YORK, SAFE AND SOUND, WITHOUT THE LOSS OF BLOOD OR BONE." -1855

Inscription on granite block 6:
"SUCH IS MY DETESTATION OF SLAVERY, THAT I WOULD KEEP THE MERCILESS SLAVEHOLDER PROFOUNDLY IGNORANT OF THE MEANS OF FLIGHT ADOPTED BY THE SLAVE. HE SHOULD BE LEFT TO IMAGINE HIMSELF SURROUNDED BY MYRIADS OF INVISIBLE TORMENTORS..." -1855

Inscription on granite block 7:
"OF MY FATHER I KNOW NOTHING. SLAVERY HAD NO RECOGNITION OF FATHERS, AS NONE OF FAMILIES." -1845

Inscription on granite block 8:
"IF THERE IS NO STRUGGLE THERE IS NO PROGRESS. THOSE WHO PROFESS TO FAVOR FREEDOM AND YET DEPRECATE AGITATION...WANT CROPS WITHOUT PLOWING UP THE GROUND...THEY WANT THE OCEAN WITHOUT THE AWFUL ROAR OF ITS MANY WATERS...POWER CONCEDES NOTHING WITHOUT A DEMAND." -1857

Inscription on pavement:
"RIGHT IS OF NO SEX - TRUTH IS OF NO COLOR - GOD IS THE FATHER OF US ALL, AND WE ARE ALL BRETHREN" -Masthead of the North Star

Inscription on north end of fountain.
FREDERICK DOUGLASS
1818-1895

BORN INTO SLAVERY IN MARYLAND, FREDERICK BAILEY FOUND THE WAY TO FREEDOM ALONG THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD IN 1838. DISGUISED AS A SAILOR, HE TRAVELED TO MANHATTAN BY SHIP, AND FOUND SHELTER AT THE HOUSE OF ABOLITIONIST DAVID RUGGLES ON LISPENARD STREET. THERE, HE AWAITED THE ARRIVAL OF HIS FIANCEE, ANNA MURRAY, A FREE BLACK WOMAN FROM MARYLAND. THEY MARRIED, AND TOGETHER CONTINUED BAILEY'S FREEDOM JOURNEY TO MASSACHUSETTS, WHERE HE CHANGED HIS NAME TO DOUGLASS. LAUDED FOR HIS ORATION, HE BECAME A PROMINENT ABOLITIONIST AND PURCHASED HIS LEGAL FREEDOM FROM SLAVERY. PUBLISHER OF THE ABOLITIONIST JOURNAL THE NORTH STAR, HE CHAMPIONED FREEDOM FOR ALL AMERICANS AND ENDORSED WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE. DOUGLASS LATER HELD POSTS AS ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE SANTO DOMINGO COMMISSION (1871), MARSHALL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA (1877-1881) AND U.S. MINISTER TO HAITI (1889-1891). FOLLOWING THE DEATH OF HIS WIFE  IN 1884, DOUGLASS MARRIED HELEN PITTS. HE DIED IN WASHINGTON, D.C. ON FEBRUARY 20, 1895.

Inscription on south end of fountain:
GABRIEL KOREN, SCULPTOR 
ALGERNON MILLER, SITE ARTIST
DECEMBER 2005

Inscription across fountain with constellations:
"THE TYPES OF MANKIND ARE VARIOUS. THEY DIFFER LIKE THE WAVES, BUT THEY ARE ONE LIKE THE SEA."

". . . UNDER THE FLICKERING LIGHT OF THE NORTH STAR BEHIND SOME CRAGGY HILL OR SNOW COVERED MOUNTAIN, STOOD A DOUBTFUL FREEDOM - HALF FROZEN - BECKONING US TO COME AND SHARE ITS HOSPITALITY."

Extent

96 in. (243.84 cm.)

Medium

Bronze; Granite

Bibliographic Citation

"Frederick Douglass Memorial." Central Park, Monuments, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed October 31, 2019, https://www.nycgovparks.org/parks/central-park/monuments/2098.

"Harlem Focus: Public Monuments: Art in Collaboration with Landscape Design." Cooper Hewett, Smithsonian Design Museum, May 9, 2013. Accessed May 23, 2020, https://www.cooperhewitt.org/tag/algernon-miller/ and https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=4&v=5K_LVkcVq-g&feature=emb_logo.

Rights Holder

Renée Ater

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

Sculpture

Physical Dimensions

96 in. (243.84 cm.)

Citation

Koren, Gabriel, 1947- and Miller, Algernon, 1945-, “Frederick Douglass Memorial (New York City),” Contemporary Monuments to the Slave Past, accessed September 25, 2020, https://www.slaverymonuments.org/items/show/1187.

Geolocation

Item Relations

This item has no relations.