Monument to the 56th United States Colored Infantry, Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery (Lemay, MO)

monument_56thinfantry.jpg

Dublin Core

Title

Monument to the 56th United States Colored Infantry, Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery (Lemay, MO)

Subject

Subject (Topic)
Men--United States Colored Troops
Associations--Military
American Midwest
Public art
Public sculpture
Subject (Object Type)
Commemorative sculpture

Description

The stone obelisk, which stands on a square stone base, honors the memory of the 175 African American soldiers of the 56th United States Colored Infantry who died of cholera in August 1866. The soldiers were originally buried at the city's old quarantine hospital near the Mississippi River. In 1939, responding to the organizing efforts of local citizens, the War Department reburied the soldiers at the Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery. In the summer of 2014, the Veterans Administration, at the urging of local community members, placed a marker next to the obelisk that includes the names of the 118 soldiers of the 56th U.S. Colored Infantry who are buried at the site, plus 55 soldiers whose remains were never recovered.

Creator

Unknown

Source

Mary Delach Leonard, St. Louis National Public Radio

Date

ca. 1866

Contributor

Surviving members of the 56th United States Colored Troops

Format

JPEG

Language

English

Type

Visual Arts-Sculpture

Coverage

Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, 2900 Sheridan Rd, St. Louis, MO 63125, United States

Has Part

Inscription on obelisk:

"To the memory of 175 non com. officers and privates of the 56. U.S.C.  infantry. Died of cholera in August 1866.

The bronze plaque on the base, added in 1939, when the remains of the soldiers reburied in the national cemetery:

"1863- 1866

56th U.S. Colored Infantry

Their memory will not perish

Brigadier General N. Buford

July 27, 1864

This monument and remains were

Removed from Quarantine Station, M.O.

By Authority of War Department

Collaborating with Citizens Committee

And Dedicated May 1939

Joseph E. Mitchell, Chairman"

The bronze plaque in front of the stone obelisk includes the names of 118 soldiers of the 56th U.S. Colored Infantry who are buried at the site, plus 55 soldiers whose remains were never recovered.

Medium

Bronze, Stone

Bibliographic Citation

Mary Delach Leonard. "African-American Union Army soldiers died on their way home from war; then history lost their names." St. Louis Public Radio. Accessed January 23, 2019: https://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/african-american-union-army-soldiers-died-their-way-home-war-then-history-lost-their-names#stream/0

Rights Holder

Renée Ater

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

Sculpture

Collection

Tags

Citation

Unknown, “Monument to the 56th United States Colored Infantry, Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery (Lemay, MO),” Contemporary Monuments to the Slave Past, accessed May 30, 2024, https://www.slaverymonuments.org/items/show/1110.

Geolocation